the Markets and shops, the review of local grades of fruit, the Yalta onions
Exist everywhere where only there are possible buyers, and arise continuously in new places. Their operating mode also is defined by time of occurrence of possible buyers: near to round-the-clock transport knots, on quays, in the city centres and in inhabited quarters many round-the-clock grocery booths and shops. The grocery markets work for transport knots with 8 to 23 or still later. Recently in the markets there was a new attraction – sale of east spices. Uzbeks are engaged in it and is rather masterly so simply to observe of their work ude pleasure. Some tens bright multi-coloured spices at you in the face of and under your order (for meat, fish, vegetarian dishes or something especially personal) intricate patterns keep within transparent plastic jars. As it is beautiful in transparent capacities patten structures from nuts in honey look also or in inzhirnom jam is already traditional Greek delicacy. On markets and in roadside trading numbers sell also house jam and solenja. Pay attention to jam from petals of roses. This excellent means for oral cavity improvement. And for babies in a solution of pink jam it is necessary to hold a baby's dummy is will save feeding mother from a mastitis, and the child from the milkwoman and other problems with lips or a mouth.
Shops of the industrial goods usually work from 9-10 and till 19-20. Shops of building materials and the economic goods, usually Least work from 8 o'clock till 15-18 o'clock.
There is a developed network of dealers of almost any known world mark. Such shops settle down in the most crowded places - on quays and in the city centres.
the Flower market in Yalta settle down in underground transition from the city centre to the market.
Now till some lines about unique gifts of the nature of Juzhnoberezhja.
the Fig (the fig, a fig tree, a dried fig) is cultivated in Asia already five thousand years. It is considered that in Crimea has appeared for the first time in 1813 in the Nikitsky botanical garden. Now extends self-sowing, and in exclusively unenviable conditions, on fruitless soils, abrupt dim slopes, on roadsides of twisted South careful small streets and directly on fences. The main thing - on the sun. Now at us is to 60 grades of this original "°хыъютшч№ эрт№тюЁю=" in which flowering of a cluster tiny tsvetkov and formation zavjazej occurs in the expanded pedicel. A variety of grades, the truth, does not mean an abundance of trees. The fig - a tree house, in a fresh kind does not suffer boxes and transportations: has broken and eat, taste leaves some minutes. Fig drying in the best kind, it when the ripened fruits fall on a flat roof of the Crimean house. It is interesting that, as well as at a walnut, all porchennye and the damaged fruits remain on a tree so all drying from a roof will be top-quality!
Dark grades of a fig usually have kislinku and more dense pulp, light - is more gentle, but pritvornee, therefore we advise is them alternately - so will enter more.
The tree strawberry rather exotically looks, but here is how time zemljanichnik melkoplodnyj is the most native for Juzhnoberezhja a tree, one of few relicts dolednikovogo the period. Its fruits, reminding a considerable quantity of seeds round a soft berry, wild strawberry, are collected in a brush on neskolku pieces. They ripen in the end of August and food value possess in a natural kind only for birds; with sugar, a syrup or liquor descend for a dessert and for people. Cook from them kissels, jam, jams and jam. Park overseas brothers Crimean zemljanichnika - krupnoplodnyj and Mentsiza differ the best fruits, but the park is park, and to go berry-picking better all the same in wood.
the Cherry plum. It is close on many features to plum and to a sweet cherry. In Crimea, basically, as well as the cherry, grows self-sowing and without special attention. The tree is steady against wreckers and illnesses, therefore ecological cleanliness of fruits very high. Obviously, in the Middle Ages on Juzhnoberezhe were engaged in selection and deducing krupnoplodnyh cherry plum grades, it is possible to judge it on a variety and excellent flavouring qualities of fruits in rural gardens, at roads and even in wood. On the basis of native grades cherry plum selection is conducted now by the Nikitsky botanical garden, Nikita's area, Krasnokamenki, Gurzuf and Yalta is the best on flavouring and external qualities of the Crimean cherry plum.
the Peach. Conducting kostochkovaja culture in gardens of foothill Crimea, on Juzhnoberezhe - in small private gardens. In peach distribution the main merit belongs to the Nikitsky garden. Before joining of Crimea to Russia the culture of a peach did not develop for many reasons (it was not applied okulirovka, export and storage of perishable fruits were impossible), therefore it is impossible to name any high-quality native grade.
Only in a foothill zone 15 dining rooms and 5 canning grades that creates good filling of shops within 2 months fresh fruits and all year long - compotes, jams, mashed potatoes, are zoned by juice. A variety of grades of a peach in the markets, naturally, still above.
If there is a possibility it is better to eat fruits just broken with a tree, kept up on it. Especially it concerns early grades. Immature, firm ("фѕсют№х"), without a flush and aroma fruits from lezhki only smorshchatsja and even in compotes will have mediocre taste. Therefore purchase of peaches on export, for 2-3 day transportations and demands storage defined smetki (especially personal) and here councils are useless. We will tell one, taste самю2кус самрe8 most green of party, estimate and smekajte.
In early terms, in June, ripen table grades: Favourite Morettini, the Dandy, Fluffy early, Juicy, Redhejvin.
Terms (the end of July - the beginning of August) goes To ranne-averages maturing of table grades: Gold Anniversary, Soviet; canning grades: the Winner, Ostrjakovsky white, Zlatogor.
In average terms (the first - the second decade of August) spejut from table grades - Red-cheeked, Kremlin, the Veteran, Majakovski, Lola, the Fair maiden; from canning - Lebedev. In srednepozdnie terms (the end of August) ripen table grades the Tourist and Gold Moscow.
The Down which covers a peach, not is pleasant to all; if it not to wash off, properly, that it irritates a throat. However there are not downy peaches - nektariny , by the form and to taste something an average between plum and a peach, it concerns both the size, and taste, and dense pulp, and also a thin skin. nektariny in a mature kind are more transportable, though, of course, they are deprived tenderness of the present peach. Lola - one of grades nektarina, appeared recently in Crimea, and is deduced it in Uzbekistan.
Now some words about purely Crimean fruits.
the Cornel. For a long time it is cultivated on peninsula, but now in industrial gardening in it are not engaged. In the markets, except a wild cornel, not a rarity and cultural (made multiple copies by an inoculation); distinguish three basic grades.
Ordinary krupnoplodnyj with large oval dark red berries grows basically in valleys of the rivers Kachi and Belbeka.
Pear-shaped - differs large light-red fruits in the form of the reduced pear.
Beloplodnyj - at maturing the large oval berry from belovato-green becomes yellow.
If you collect a cornel independently, consider that its leaves have strongly opushenie. Small igolochki can cause irritation. It is necessary to have the clothes completely closing a body, and right after gathering of berries completely to be washed up under a shower or to bathe in the sea, lake, small river.
The Best grades almonds , basically selection of the Nikitsky botanical garden, grow up on JUBK.
the Filbert - garden grades leshchiny (a wood nut) is cultivated many centuries in Crimea, and their ancestors are taken out, judging by names, from Turkey. Three groups of grades differ: Trebizond (large), Kerasund (small round), Badem (extended flat). The filbert kernel contains at us to 70% of fat, the squirrel to 18%, carbohydrates to 8% and is extremely nutritious and useful dietary product, is used in fresh and kalenom a kind, for processing in confectionery products. The best filberts were marked by experts in villages Vasilevka, Ravine, Foothill at Yalta, the Small Beacon (Alushta).
the Mulberry. More hardy and widespread relative of a fig. An ordinary mulberry you will often enough meet in cities, villages, at roads, in forest belts, at small rivers and ponds. It breeds from seeds. Fruits in process of transition from white to violet from luscious sweet type kislinku. Fruits on each tree gradually, from the middle of June and till August that is very convenient ripen as the product is gentle and eat it on a tree. Though it is possible and to cook compotes, jam, to do juice and fruit liqueurs.
There are the cultivars extended by an inoculation or otvodkami. Judging by names, to Crimea they have got for a long time, at least, to the Middle Ages.
the Constantinople (Tsaregradsky) mulberry meets on JUBK "т a kind rather strong and sometimes huge, eternal zkzempljarov, dressed by large firm brilliant leaves which on young runaways quite often happen deeply lopastnymi and a kind close remind foliage ёьюъютэшч№". It from draught copies of II volume "-Ё№ьёъюую industrial ёрфютюфё=тр" L. P.Simirenko. The lion of Konstantinovich with the big enthusiasm describes this grade, and its advantages when he will see a sprawling majestic tree - at least on a fork at a concrete emblem of camp "+Ё=хъ" become clear to everyone; - simply queen! But berries are not given by the whole, chereshok it is necessary to cut, differently precious juice flows on fingers.
the Tsaregradsky mulberry is exacting to heat and soils, in the conditions of JUBK it is better to impart it on sejanets a white usual mulberry. It is good that neither in leaving, nor does not require a scrap (as however, the majority of native Crimean fruit-trees), only, when fruits will start to become shallow, becomes rejuvenating a scrap. By the way, on a tree in a good condition, annually there is a set of fruits, the size almost about a thumb, cerise colour with shades to black-violet, very juicy and pleasant on taste, sweet-sour, with more difficult bouquet, than at a usual mulberry. They ripen daily in small lots from June till August that on all passers-by and travellers has sufficed and that nobody has overeaten.
the Persian big white mulberry meets seldom enough, but also outside of JUBK. Simirenko it does not praise: "Їуюф№ it much more small, than at the Constantinople mulberry, as to taste it lusciously-is sweet also is deprived even a sign ъшёыю=№". Nevertheless if the grade has lived from Persians to us, probably, it is pleasant to much, and absence kislinki compensates tenderness, aroma and an effective kind.
the Yalta onions - to begin with I will reveal terrible secret of the YALTA ONIONS:
This well-known and obligatory trophy of tourists all respecting and charming the stomach...
This seductive and voluptuous object eroticheskih dreams of Buratino...
This surprising zakuson, unique Chipolino from a large family does not cause some tears and suits even under massandrovskie muscats...
More shortly, absolutely it even not the YALTA!!!!!!!
Rather sweet these onions grow only in two villages - Opolznevom (to the west of Alupki, the Big Yalta) and in Zaprudnom (between Yalta and Alushtoj, on a line above the Small Beacon - there still the bridge slantwise blocks it).
All the same for those who has not joined yet. The Yalta onions differ from other themes that it flat, dark red, very juicy and with unusually thick layers. And it really sweet without everyone vymachivanija. However, growing in any other place, except the native villages, it any more does not type the necessary sweet.
In addition on the given theme:
Bars, restaurants, cafe
Entertainments, show business and a night life
Wine growing and winemaking
Antiques, the modern art, souvenirs
Space opened from Crimea
Places of filmings and specific points
the Calendar of the basic events and holidays