Simeiz, the Blue gulf, Katsiveli, Ponizovka
Simeiz and neighbouring settlements are densely surrounded by freakish mountains and the rocks which have defined especially dry and warm climate. Here treat sick of a tuberculosis.
Small overcast, dryness and air transparency has involved in Simeiz astronomers, and then and researchers space . They have located in settlement Katsiveli. The first in Crimea the Aquapark - the most popular object of a season of 2002 - works in the Blue gulf on the West from mountain the Cat.
the Lay-out and transport lines. Simeiz - large resort settlement, approximately in 15 km on the top highway to the West from Yalta, nearby to it on a West side of the well-known mountain the Cat are resort settlements less: the Blue gulf, Katsiveli and Ponizovka. To them it is necessary to go on South careful (top) highway, and in Simeiz on average road (the Sevastopol highway) there is a bus № 26 from road service station of Yalta. The local autostation combines both the market, and taxi parking, both trade, and habitation delivery, in a word - pjatachok. The second centre, is more exact a monetary circulation line - at a beach. To a local mooring too it is possible to get From Yalta (from Quay) by the trip steam-ship.
The Main street Simeiza - Soviet fancifully coils, dividing the bottom parkovo-sanatorium zone and inhabited quarters. In its western part Lenin's amusing enough prospectus is laid: unique to all Big Yalta direct street, moreover and with antique sculptures (in prostorechi the Avenue of Naked muzhiks, but is also one more local name - learn as required...). The prospectus soon comes to an end normal zmejashchimsja round mountain the Cat with an asphalt streamer which leaves in the Blue gulf and further to the academic settlement Katsiveli. Here from a Soviet period there was one of system links "Ђэ=хЁъюёьюё" - experimental laser station of supervision of artificial companions of the Earth. Below its white domes the parabolic aerial, with which help in October 1959г is visible. For the first time in history mankind the image of an underside of the Moon, transferred by the Soviet automatic interplanetary station "-ѕэр-3" was accepted;. The unique equipment investigates also the Sun nature.
Public. In a XIX-th century the elite of both Russian capitals has defined regularity and refinement of local rest.
In this century a permanent job of stars of the Soviet space science and "фшъшщ" rest of student's youth of the most prestigious high schools the role of the advanced place has assigned to Simeizom. Last years the most progressive part well-known " here has gone over; фхЁэющ" parties Kazantipa. So to refinement has increased also eccentricity. For example, known in narrow, but international circles a bar "‡цш". In 1980, I do not know why – because of affinity of the Blue gulf or because of avenue with statues of naked men, the company of the Moscow gays here has gone. Since then to minority in Simeize have got used, and they gather from all Post-Soviet republics.
Most-most. it is final, it is mountain the Cat. the Freakish form of mountain justifies its name: having peered, really you guess as though dropped to coast "уюыютѕ" above on a slope - bent 260-metre "ёяшэѕ" and then "§тюё=" a huge cat. Near to it others are scattered original under the form calcareous rocks: the Star who have stepped in the sea, fragments of the Monk destroyed by a storm, Panea, the Swan wing. The mountain long since was a sacred place. Archeologists have found out numerous burial places of Tauris in so-called stone boxes, and also certificates of stay and other people, for example, is ready.
C 1828 the rich man-industrialist I.A.Maltsov bought the lands for rest and an economy. His son has increased the family capital, letting out in Russia the first steam locomotives and steamships, and also crystal. He buys Pototsky and Naryshkin's manors, and also other earths and there is the owner of all Simeiza. The Most part of grounds of Maltsovyh was occupied with vineyards, orchards and plantations of olives. In 1828 the wine vault which has remained up to now has been constructed. In the fifties XIX centuries at the fishing landing stage the big house surrounded with glass gallery, - " has grown; the Crystal palace ". Already grandsons of Maltsova have achieved a recognition of Simeiza a fashionable resort. Having presented in 1908 the telescope on a grief the Cat to astronomers of the Pulkovsky observatory, Maltsovy on a being, became the first who has opened the Crimean way to space.
Now the greatest attention of youth is involved with a country house " Xenia " constructed in 1911 known Yalta architect N.P.Krasnov in Gothic style. It is considered that ghosts live in it.
In whole Simeiz makes impression of decrepit magnificence – the best country houses collapse and have wallowed in stuff. But besides magnificent ruins and the started old park it is a lot of and modern constructions, is famous for Simeiz and a cosiness of the cafes.
Celebrities. In 1820 A.S.Pushkin here has visited, it was involved with ancient strengthenings on a grief the Cat and a rock of Panea.
In 1885 in the letter to the wife Lev Tolstoi has noted: "Гфхёі it is good that, except warmth and beauty, сюур=ю..."
The Small resort settlement Ponizovka (before revolution - a manor of Kikeneiz) is to the West from Simeiza and settlement Katsiveli.
With 1886 to 1917 in Kikeneize of veins the known artist A.I.Kuindzhi . Its picture "-ѕээр on -эхяЁх" is Most popular night; and here the Crimean landscape is easy for guessing in a picture "Ђшёѕё in Gefsimansky ёрфѕ" exposed in the Alupkinsky museum. After death of the artist the house in which he lived, is transferred a society of young artists.
The Next summer residence belonged to A.K.Alchevsky - to the largest gornopromyshlenniku and to the banker of pre-revolutionary Donbass. The part of its earths then was bought by the Moscow merchants brothers of Ponizovkiny, and in 1920 the private residence with a tower and ostroverhoj a roof which to owners should be thrown was ready. So "чрьюъ" began to name a summer residence of Berii .
In addition on the given theme:
Yalta, Massandra, Nikita
Livadija, an Oreanda, the Gold beach, Kurpaty
Artek, Gurzuf and Ah-danil
Gaspra and the Swallow's nest, Koreiz, Mishor, Alupka
Foros and the West of the Big Yalta