Livadija, an Oreanda, the Gold beach, Kurpaty
At once on the West from a city of Yalta parks and sanatoria follow almost continuous magnificent suite. Something like a housing estate consisting of palaces and locks which luxury adequately competes with imagination and taste of their founders.
The Medieval place of Livadija now the western suburb of Yalta, on any transport following towards Mishora, Alupki, Simeiza, it is possible to get and here. On foot it is possible to pass even through Seaside park and further on a path over beaches. However, lifting on a streamer from a beach to park is abrupt enough. But park, in general, imperial. Thus many plants, first of all roses, Nikolay II liked to sit down own hands.
Public. In 1834 the territory of Livadii was bought by count Pototsky for whom have built the house and have broken park. In 1860 Livadiju has got specific department for an imperial family. By then Romanovs already owned a manor "+Ёхрэфр" with a palace and park. Both manors has connected Imperial (Horizontal) a track proceeding then to Gaspry. So the imperial family, grand dukes and their friends-relatives from other loudest Russian surnames, conducted here a life opened, simple, healthy and cheerful. It is enough to tell that in their parks and churches all interested persons were supposed.
Rest of the higher Soviet partnomenklatury has been completely closed from eyes of strangers. Well and "§р=№эъш" present owners of a life on dimensions not very much you will hide. However contemplation of these newcomers, bogatenkih and with taste of the arranged country houses at all does not cause any irritation.
Most-most. A Livadijsky palace. the Big Livadijsky White palace - the former summer residence of last Russian emperor Nikolay II - the main sight of Yalta. The palace is erected in 1910-1911 on a place of the disassembled old palace under the project of the remarkable Yalta architect, academician N.P.Krasnova (1865-1939) in style of the Italian Renaissance. In Livadijsky palace ensemble, besides the Big palace, enter svitsky the case, a palace of the minister of a court yard of baron Frederiksa, built simultaneously with a palace, palace church for the sake of Vozdvizhenija of the Fair Cross, constructed in 1872, and the Italian court yard. By the way, gate of an internal Italian court yard as N.P.Krasnov testifies, "ш=рыі эёъющ works, in 1750 are taken out from -хЁюэ№".
In 1925 in the former imperial palace the sanatorium for peasants, later, in 1931 transformed to climatic medical industrial complex has been opened. On February, 4-11th, 1945, three months prior to a victory over Hitlerite Germany, in the Big (White) hall of a palace there passed the Crimean (Yalta) conference heads of the governments of three states of an Antihitlerite coalition - the USSR, the USA and Great Britain on which have been accepted "-хъырЁрчш about released ‡тЁюях" the decision on creation of the United Nations and other documents which had important for the destinies of the world value. In a conference operating time in a palace there was a president residence the United States of America F.Ruzvelta .
the Livadijsky museum (31-55-79 one of the most popular. Except the basic exposition here often arrange also interesting exhibitions.
The Three-storyed private residence in a modernist style is built for the minister of an imperial court yard of Frederiksa. The following house-palace in style of the late Renaissance has been constructed for imperial retinue.
The Manor " Ah-todor " in Gaspre belonged to grand duke Alexander Mihajlovichu Romanov, and under its instructions the device of the Horizontal track has begun. And creation of the Russian aircraft was the main business of his life.
Till 1860 the track passed only over an Oreanda, and then there was a necessity to connect an imperial manor in Livadii with a grand-ducal manor "+щ-КюфюЁ".
Not so long ago the track is reconstructed and arranged well, on all its extent drainages, retaining walls and livnestoki are arranged, borders are laid and sand is strewed. It is decorated by decorative sculptures and plantings of rare exotic trees and bushes, original benches for rest.
To sanatoria "Гюыю=ющ яы ц" and "¤рЁѕё" are laid terrenkury of 900 and 1400 metres, so ancient "=Ёюяшэюёэюх" the heritage is increased.
The Name "Рюыэхёэр =Ёюяр" thought up in a Soviet period, as well as any renaming quickly, not especially successfully. First, the solar track already long exists in Lithuania between Druskininkaem and a small village of Jaskonis, secondly, the Imperial track is good the shadiness, it almost is completely closed from solar beams. Well and at last, anything "ьюэрЁ§шёхёъюую" in it is not present, on the contrary, that the imperial track access on which opened only the written permission operating the Livadijsky manor, now serves any simple person, it is bright and zrimo democracy principles are embodied.
The Imperial track begins in Livadijsky park, at once behind the second-large building of a palace complex - svitskim the case. It passes on an Oreanda, by the white romantic colonnade dominating over the big ancient park and wild rocks. Then - a rock of Krestovaja (the former name of Urjanda), named so after Alexander Fedorovna's (spouse Nikolay I) empress in 1837 together with Vorontsovymi has established on it a wooden cross and has planted laurels bush. Subsequently it has been replaced on pig-iron with apertures for illuminations. Now the cross is not present, but the kind from a rock still inspires.
Further by mountain Ah-nikola, rocks White-headed (Hachla-Kajasy) and the Pie get to the park surrounding the cases of sanatorium of the Rose Luxembourg (old constructions were included into a grand-ducal manor "+щ-КюфюЁ") and "Їёэр яюы эр" the former manor of prince A. N.Golitsyn, then countess S.Paninoj. Last name is connected with stay here in 1901 of Lev Tolstoi. In a room where it stopped, the exhibition of documents and photos about three periods of a life of the great writer, spent in Crimea (defences of Sevastopol, 1885 and last arrival on treatment) is developed.
One more popular route of mountain walks - the Kurchatovsky track - bears I.V.Kurchatova's (1903-1960) name which was not only the well-known physicist, but also the tourist; its favourite route from oreandovskogo park conducts on mountain top Ah-nikola.
The Sanatorium "-шцэ +Ёхрэфр", constructed in 1948 on a place of ruins of an old grand-ducal palace under the project of the visible Soviet architect of professor M.J.Ginzburg, was the main vacation spot of the Political bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Nearby - an architecture monument - Pokrova Bozhiej Materi's constructed in 1885 in the Georgian-Byzantian style under the project of the architect of academician A.A.Avdeev the operating temple.
Something the is extremely original-roundish on three feet - international boarding house "-ѕЁяр=№" (earlier – "-Ёѕцср") (architect I.Vasilevsky) is constructed in 1985 Is interesting by non-polluting system of a heat supply at the expense of warmth of Black sea.
The steep mountain-ottorzhenets Krestovaja dominates Over all area ( Stavri ), well-known among rock-climbers of all world.
Under the name of rocks of Urjanda all resort district between Livadiej and cape has ah-todor received altered on the French harmony the name an Oreanda. As well as Livadija, an Oreanda was "яюцрыютрэр" Catherine II arhipelazhnym to the Greeks serving in the Balaklavsky battalion. Soon these earths have passed to their commander - to general F. Reveliotti, and in 1825 the Oreanda was redeemed by an imperial surname. In 1843 - 1852 for a grand-ducal family under A.I.Shtakenshnejdera's project the palace has been built and the park, and on rocks towering over an Oreanda under the order of governor general M.S.Vorontsova, recognised authority on creation of romantic conditions is put, the viewing arbour has been built. Special expressiveness and an originality to an Oreanda is given by a combination of severe rocks and magnificent greens of park. In 1882 the palace has burnt down. After three years after a fire from a palace stone have erected small church of the Cover of Divine Mother (it it is perfectly visible from the Imperial track). It has been decorated by a rich mosaic of work of Venetian master Antonio Salviati and mentioned And. P.Chehovym in the story "-рьр with ёюсрёъющ".
Near to "-шцэхщ +Ёхрэфющ" the cascade of health resorts is erected: "Гюыю=ющ яы ц" "+юЁэ№щ" to it. Palmiro Tolyatti, "-ѕЁяр=№" new resort hotel (SPA & Wellness) "¤рыіьшЁр ¤рырё".
The Gold beach of an Oreanda stretched on 400 with superfluous metres, - favourite vacation spot jaltintsev. This beach by right is considered the best at the Crimean coast. Its name is not connected not so (as it usually happens) to golden colour of sand. The beach melkogravijnyj, but has once been densely-often covered by gold coins from the ship which was wrecked at local rocks.
Celebrities. All who were close to an imperial surname at last five tsars, happened here again.
In 1866 the emperor Alexander II , the father of numerous family, the person of strict decencies, has met here 16 summer knjazhnu Dolgorukuju . To it was 48. And only later 14 years of secret meetings in Crimea, already after death of the empress, he could get married to Ekaterina Mihajlovnoj and officially to recognise its three children. They have received a title of princes Jurevsky. Nearby to Livadijsky slobodki for them even before marriage the manor the Bijuk-shed has been bought and the two-storeyed private residence is constructed.
In Livadii on sacred John Kronshtadskogo's hands the emperor Alexander III has died in 1895. Burial service passed in the House church adjoining a palace.
The American writer Mark Twain has immortalised the impressions about monarchs who "фю surprise are similar on simple ёьхЁ=э№§" in travelling notes "¤Ёюё=ръш for уЁрэшчхщ". Descriptions of these places can be read in A.I.Kuprina's story "¦юЁёър сюыхчэі" and at A.P.Chekhov in "-рьх with ёюсрёъющ".
In 1901-1902 in an Oreanda often happened L.N.Tolstoy and A.M.bitter. Marine painter I.K.Ayvazovsky from here has embodied a kind of Yalta.
Visitors "-шцэхщ +Ёхрэф№" at various times were: the father of a nuclear bomb I.V.Kurchatov, the head of outer space exploration S.P. Queens and representatives of foreign world culture: singer Pol Robson, caricaturist Herluf Bidstrup, composer Mikis Teodorakis.
Guidebooks and guides for some reason are silent about Leonid Iliche Brezhnev . It is known, only, that it fine drove on tjazhelennom the armour car on the Crimean streamers, leading up protection to a full shock and was worthy "эрёыхфэшъюь" imperial hunting grounds in Crimea.
In addition on the given theme:
Yalta, Massandra, Nikita
Artek, Gurzuf and Ah-danil
Gaspra and the Swallow's nest, Koreiz, Mishor, Alupka
Simeiz, the Blue gulf, Katsiveli, Ponizovka
Foros and the West of the Big Yalta