the Review of the major historical events
the History of Yalta as cities rather is not great, and all area Juzhnoberezhja in comparison with Foothills or East Crimea, frequently stood aside of historical events of an antiquity.
Powerful landslips have carried away ancient harbours and fortresses about which secrets to us, probably, just it is necessary to learn on a sea-bottom.
XV - VIII centuries - connect BC with Crimea kimmerijtsev - the nomadic aggressive people mentioned by the Homere and the Old testament.
IX - VIII centuries BC - tribes of Mountain Crimea become known to a classical antiquity under a collective name "=ртЁ№". They were distinguished by isolation and animosities to all stranger, first of all to the Greek seafarers. Tauris of Juzhnoberezhja in compositions of antique poets and historians are represented as the severe pirates lighting in storm nights on the most dangerous rocks fires to ruin seafarers and then to sacrifice to their goddess to the Maiden.
Archeological finds confirm adherence of Tauris to the traditions, however any piracy harbour is not found.
VI -V centuries BC - the basis of the first drevne-Greek colonies at coast (Kerkenitidy, Chersonese, Panticapaeum and others). Swimming to coast Skifii "ю=чр шё=юЁшш" Gerodota.
I - II century AD - Chersonese-Taurian passes under influence of Roman empire. Through Mountain Crimea Romans paves Military way and build on cape Ah-todor a fortress of Haraks for the control over Juzhnoberezhem .
the end III century AD - penetration into Crimea from coast of Baltic of a German tribe is ready, formation goto-alanskogo the breeding union, Christianity distribution.
527 - 565 years - board of the Byzantian emperor Justiniana I who have based at coast of Crimea numerous fortresses, including Gorzuvity on a place of Gurzuf.
VI - XII centuries - development "яхЁхЁэ№§" cities and monasteries in southwest to Crimea, political and economic lifting of a princedom of Feodoro with the centre in Mangupe who subordinates to itself and the population of Southern coast.
1145 - the first mention of small settlement on a place of Yalta, in documents and on cards ХIV century it is called as Jalitoj, Kallitoj, Gialitoj and Etalitoj.
XIII century - Venetian, and then the Genoa colonisation of coast of Crimea.
1475 - Osmansky Turkey grasps the Genoa fortresses on coast of Crimea and a princedom of Feodoro in Southwest to Crimea; In South careful fortresses Turkish garrisons take places. The area of Yalta till 1774 becomes personal possession of the Turkish sultan, but keeps Christian church.
1771 year - 31 thousand Christians of Crimea (Greeks and Armenians), including from villages of Southern coast, on an appeal of Russia moves at coast of sea of Azov (by the way, there till now there is a settlement Yalta), the economy of Juzhnoberezhja for many long years comes to desolation.
1783 - joining of Crimea to Russia with a recognition of the rights of the Russian nobility for all noble families of khanate. A city building of Sevastopol as centre of the Russian Black Sea fleet and Simferopol (1784) as centre of Taurian province.
1838 - Yalta receives the status of a city and becomes the centre of new Yalta district. Shortly before it through it are laid highway to Sevastopol and Simferopol.
1853-1856 - the Crimean war. Sevastopol becomes a place of heroic battles on a land and the sea: Russia struggles against England, France and the Sardinian kingdom, rescuing influence of Turkey on Black sea.
1875 - end of building of the railway to Sevastopol and the basic highways. Rapid development of economy and resorts.
1918-1921 - Civil war has come to the end with formation of the Crimean Independent Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of the Russian Federation (1922). Building of resorts for workers and peasants, occurrence of the state summer residences.
1941-1944 - bloody battles of the Second World War, guerrilla movement in Mountain to Crimea.
on May, 18th, 1944 - mass deportation of the Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Greeks, gipsies in areas of Central Asia and Siberia. Political rehabilitation in 1967 and mass returning of the deported people since 1989.
on February, 4-11th, 1945 - the Yalta conference of heads of the governments of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain: has made decisions on section of Germany, on participation of the USSR in war with Japan, on United Nations creation.
1954 - Crimea becomes area as a part of Ukraine.
1961 - the long is constructed in Europe a mountain trolleybus line between Simferopol and Yalta, the trolleybus route in the city has opened.
1971 1982 - the Crimean meetings of the Secretary general of the Central Committee of the CPSU of L.I.Brezhnev with heads of brotherly parties and the countries
1974 – official visit of US president Richard Nixon to Yalta - the end "§юыюфэющ тющэ№" from the USSR
1991 - "яѕ=ё" in Moscow and M.Gorbachev's arrest on its summer residence in Forose. Independence of Ukraine, transformation of Yalta into summer political capital of Ukraine, and then all Post-Soviet countries.
In addition on the given theme:
Seasons and public in Yalta
Transport, habitation, a food in Yalta
the Nature and reserves of the Big Yalta
the Most important in Yalta