the Nature and reserves of the Big Yalta
Yalta strongly associates with Southern coast of Crimea, area with the unique, fertile and curative nature.
the Geographical position. Autonomous republic Crimea (since 1954 on 1991 the Crimean area) is a part of Ukraine. The Crimean peninsula finishes a southern frame of Europe along with Pirenejsky, Appeninsky and Balkan peninsulas, but it is much less than them. Black and Azov exhausting, washing it, the basic lines and the nature differ from Mediterranean, but nevertheless, and stories of our corner of the world are defined by affinity to the Mediterranean region.
Crimean mountains in the south were stretched by three parallel ridges from Sevastopol to Feodosiya on 170 kilometres. Their southern slopes almost otvesny, and northern the hollow pass in mezhgrjadovye falls or plains. Two low ridges in the north make the Crimean foothills cut on separate files by picturesque river valleys; and the Main ridge, or Jajla (on krymsko-tatarski - summer pastures) rises almost continuous barrier which height in the central part exceeds one thousand metres. The ridge hides from cold winds at the southern abrupt breakage a narrow strip of a land - well-known Southern coast of Crimea .
the Climate Crimea as a whole has lines of a moderate belt. But Southern coast of Crimea from cape Ajja in the west to mountain the Penalty-dag in the east name subsredizemnomorem - the basic lines of its climate (solar light, temperature of air, a mode of deposits), are close to areas of Mediterranean sea, and a plant and animal life - to subtropics. The best part JUBK are Yalta and settlements surrounding it. Average temperature of January here about +4 degrees With, but in each winter month one or two weeks stand excellent solar weathers when air gets warm to +18 - 20 degrees. The known doctor and klimatolog V.N.Dmitriev wrote about the Yalta winter: "‡ёыш to concern more religiously and to rank by winter days all those days when average daily below zero it is necessary to tell that the winter in northern sense of this word lasts on Southern coast only 10 фэхщ".
the Summer in Crimea everywhere hot and solar (the average temperature of July of +24 degrees C, in August of heat can exceed 40 degrees, but it is transferred easily thanks to dryness of air), a fair weather pleasantly is freshened by short downpours, more often at midday. If in weather forecast you hear that in Crimea rains – in the summer it at all does not mean bad conditions for bathing. The Yalta Quay after a rain dries up during a half an hour, however, and through all resort settlements rain waters prokatyvajutsja promptly and do not leave after themselves pools.
It is possible to consider as Borders of a resort season the middle of May (but it is traditionally populous for holidays in the first decade of May) and the end of October. Summer days very long: in 4-6 o'clock in the morning it is already light, darkens in 8-10 evenings. At coast summer nights warm, in mountains cool and fresh.
the Autumn indulges silent sunny days (even weeks), but in second half and plentifully treats to rains.
the Winter frequently differs from late autumn a little, but in mountains it is simple a miracle: dry frosty air, pure fluffy snow.
in the Spring deep-water Black sea gets warm at Yalta and Alushty more slowly, than on the western or east coast of Crimea. Therefore March and April at the sea it is chilly and it is windy.
Duration of solar light on our resorts much more exceeds level of Nitstsy, Sochi.
Relative humidity air in Crimea almost always and everywhere is insignificant - within 65 - 80% (for comparison: in Sahara air has humidity of less than 15%, in Thailand about 90%, during downpours – to 100%), here is easily breathed even in a heat. The area of Yalta, under the long-term data, has the lowest in Europe indicators of the relative humidity optimum for people of the European race.
Reserves. the Southern coast of Crimea differs, first of all, riches of vegetation, about 2300 kinds the natural flora of Crimea totals, and still bolshee the number of kinds is delivered in South careful parks.
High and old economic osvoennost Crimea it is combined with huge open spaces of the virgin nature, surprisingly deserted and boundless. The difficult multistage system of protected natural landscapes does peninsula pleasant as a hobby and healthy for a body.
In 1923 the first reserve (present the Crimean natural reserve ), by a basis of its steel the hunting grounds of Russian imperial surname and the grand dukes, protected since 1870 has been created. Reserve sites on Nikitsky jajle and the Gurzufsky saddle border on the Big Yalta. Entirely in resort borders settles down the Yalta reserve . Its basic sense – preservation of primordial natural communities Juzhnoberezhja, first of all pine pine forests on abrupt slopes, and also evergreen forests from a treelike juniper and zemljanichnika. It is extremely important for maintenance of ecological equilibrium, cleanliness of air, polnovodnosti springs and streams, deduction of slopes from landslips and collapses.
Level of a reserved saturation of a resort, its ecological well-being is one of the highest in the world.
In reserve Cape Martjan (Nikita) remains typical for the bottom zone of Southern coast wood from a treelike juniper and a fluffy oak. Scientists of the Nikitsky botanical garden have organised an ecological hospital, that is constant supervision and measurements of indicators of environment on Cape Martjan. One of the purposes of this work - methods of rescue of mozhzhevelovo-oak woods on all Juzhnoberezhju.
Zakazniki are formed for restoration of number of the kinds brought in the International Red book or the Red book of Ukraine, it, for example, Aju-dag, the Grand Canyon of Crimea, Cape Ajja, where under protection everything, including minerals and insects.
Nature sanctuaries are small territories or separate natural objects, for example, trees-giants, trees-long-livers, like the well-known pine-plane on Ah-petri and 1000-year-old yews berry.
Reserved can be and natural complexes of an artificial origin. We are well-known for the whole world parks - monuments landscape gardening art. Haraksky, Livadijsky, Massandrovsky and other parks, adjoining to beaches, give a remarkable fresh cool, unusual air and sensation of an eternal fairy tale.
New reserved categories - the state botanical gardens , dendrology and zoological parks. The Nikitsky garden is declared by reserved with all branches.
In addition on the given theme:
Seasons and public in Yalta
Transport, habitation, a food in Yalta
the Review of the major historical events
the Most important in Yalta